Strom, K. H., & Levine, L. A. (2008). Microsurgical Denervation of the Spermatic Cord for Chronic Orchialgia: Long-Term Results From a Single Center. The Journal of Urology, 180(3), 949–953. doi:10.1016/j.juro.2008.05.018
Microsurgical Denervation study results:
Results: Mean followup was 20.3 months (range 1 to 102 months) and complete, durable relief was noted in 67 (71%) testicular units, partial relief in 17 (17%), and unchanged in 11 (12%). No patients reported worse pain. Complications included testicular atrophy without hypogonadism in 2 patients, superficial wound infection in 2, hydrocele in 2 and an incisional hematoma in 1.